Indian Biofuel Scenario: An Assessment of Science, Policy and Economy

Vidit Mohan 1, Ashwin P Ramesh1 and Anirudh Toshniwal1
1Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology


The expectancy from the bio-fuels is to reduce the carbon footprints from the transportation sector and also reduce the dependency of country's economics on the foreign fuel sources. Our study is centred on one of the very important stream of bio-fuel which is bioethanol. It is an alcohol produced by the biological fermentation of carbohydrates derived from plant material. Its importance is that it can be directly used in cars designed to run on pure ethanol. Otherwise it can also act as a blending material in gasoline functioning as a substitute product for gasoline. It usually yield reductions in greenhouse gas emissions by 70 to 90% excluding carbon releases related to land-use change.

We will be underlining the technologies and government policies intrigued in order to increase the bio-fuel production and the latest developments taking place in the field of bioethanol production. The economic factor involved with the increase in bio-fuel development and its impact on the oil and gas industry is also discussed.

   Corresponding Author :

           Vidit Mohan 1, Ashwin P Ramesh1 and Anirudh Toshniwal1

           1Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology, Raebareli, India
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